‘Europe can depend on Angola’ for power, President João Lourenço tells Euronews

‘Europe can depend on Angola’ for power, President João Lourenço tells Euronews

The influence of the struggle in Ukraine is being felt far past the European continent. In a bid to chop its dependence on Russian fuel, Europe is eager to shore up its power provide and search for different sources.

Because the struggle in Ukraine handed its one-year mark, and following the go to of French President Emmanuel Macron and Felipe VI, the King of Spain, Euronews spoke to Angola’s President João Lourenço in regards to the imaginative and prescient of Africa’s second-largest oil producer, and a possible provider of pure fuel to Europe.

Battle in Ukraine: What has been Angola’s place?

In two of the three resolutions adopted by the UN Normal Meeting, which had been geared toward Russia, Angola abstained. 

“Abstention will not be disapproval. Abstention means abstention. It must be interpreted as such,” João Lourenço instructed Euronews. 

“Within the second decision Angola voted in favour as a result of the decision was very concrete, it aimed above all to sentence the annexation of the 4 areas from the Donbas.” 

“In the latest decision, Angola abstained. Nonetheless, beforehand it took the precaution of attempting to barter – if we could use that time period – both the withdrawal or the easing […] of only one paragraph. I’m referring particularly to the operative paragraph, as they name it, or P9, which referred to […] taking the aggressor to a world prison courtroom. 

“It’s not that this can’t be performed, however we perceive, and we all know negotiation strategies, that when you find yourself negotiating you should at all times depart a door open.”

“We consider that the precedence in the intervening time is to convey Russia to the negotiating desk. We should do every part in our energy to convey each events, however particularly Russia, to the negotiating desk to attain a long-lasting ceasefire and to barter peace not solely with Ukraine but additionally with NATO,” Angola’s president added.

Working in the direction of peace in Africa

João Lourenço has stated that he’s dedicated to contributing to the pacification of the African continent. Within the case of the Central African Republic, the Angolan president advocated lifting the arms embargo on the federal government in order that it may defend itself. Euronews requested him if he believed that is the one resolution for peace.

“It’s definitely not the one one. It’s crucial that the nation fulfils the Luanda roadmap. In some methods, it has begun to take action, however the course of will not be full,” he stated.

“It’s, subsequently, crucial to barter with all of the dwelling forces within the nation, with the opposition particularly, not less than that opposition that’s in Central African territory. And provides alternatives to different political actors to take part within the political lifetime of the nation.”

Relating to the East of the Democratic Republic of Congo, a extreme humanitarian disaster has resulted from this struggle. On the Africa Union summit in Addis-Abeba, Angola, amongst different nations, made proposals to resolve this battle.

“A brand new ceasefire should be reached. It’s crucial, instantly after this ceasefire, to take the following step of quartering the M23 forces,” President João Lourenço defined.

“For this course of to happen, the Summit concluded that there’s a want for the deployment of the regional pressure, which consists of a number of nations, specifically Kenya, Burundi, South Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania.”

“The Addis-Abeba Summit requested Angola to determine direct contact with the M23 management with a view to persuade them to just accept the ceasefire and the quartering of their forces. And we instantly set about fulfilling this mission that was given to us. And at this very second, Angola is already sustaining contact with the management of the M23.”

Can Angola assist Europe substitute Russian fuel?

The present geopolitical context has compelled Europe to assessment its priorities, and the bloc is continuous to search for different fuel provides. 

“Angola is an alternate,” João Lourenço revealed. “Angola, in the intervening time, produces extra oil than fuel, though we now have some fuel. However we now have arrange a brand new consortium for fuel manufacturing. So, a number of multinationals […] are going to start out exploring extra fuel in Angola.”

“We consider that the manufacturing of pure fuel, non-associated fuel, in Angola will expertise a growth within the coming years and, subsequently, from then on, Europe can depend on Angola as an essential provider not solely of fuel but additionally of inexperienced hydrogen. We’re already making contacts with some European nations for the manufacturing of inexperienced hydrogen.”

Angola nonetheless relies upon nearly completely on oil. However one of many targets of Lourenço’s authorities is the diversification of the financial system. 

“We’re doing properly,” he revealed. “The non-oil sector of our financial system is experiencing, for example, passable progress. And we’re going to proceed alongside this path. However it’s going to take a while earlier than […] oil revenues transfer into the background. Immediately they’re nonetheless essentially the most important, however the pattern is reversing. There’ll come a turning level when the nationwide GDP shall be made up primarily of revenues coming from the non-oil sector.”

Angola’s ‘historic diaspora’

It’s estimated that 12 million US residents have Angolan ancestry – in what has been known as the “historic diaspora”. However how can this connection be strengthened?

“We now have begun to make contacts with some representatives of the African Diaspora in the US. They’ve already made some journeys to Angola, I imply to Angola and never simply to Luanda. They don’t seem to be restricted to Luanda,” stated João Lourenço. 

“They’re very enthusiastic. I’m not speaking about returning, however about establishing this connection, which has been considerably interrupted over the centuries. So, from our aspect, there may be this curiosity and we’ll give all the mandatory help in order that right this moment the Afro-descendants keep this reference to us, with the continent, particularly with Angola.”

Investing in Angola

With reference to enterprise funding in Angola, Lourenço instructed Euronews that the panorama is now far more beneficial for entrepreneurs than earlier than.

“It’s a lot simpler. And it is not me who says so. It’s the buyers themselves. For the 5 years that I’ve been on the head of the nation’s affairs, considered one of our issues has been to create a enterprise setting that’s totally different from the one we inherited. 

“One of many options of this higher enterprise setting is, and not using a shadow of a doubt, the battle in opposition to corruption. I can not assure that there isn’t any longer any corruption in Angola. Actually, there may be corruption all over the place on this planet. However what I can assure is that corruption in Angola right this moment is not performed with impunity.” 

Europe-Africa relations

On the final African Union summit, João Lourenço and the Portuguese Prime Minister António Costa reportedly mentioned boosting relations between Europe and Africa. Euronews requested Angola’s president what his nation can do at this stage.

“What can Angola do at this stage? Inform the Europeans that what we wish are actual relations of cooperation, which generally doesn’t occur, and we wish to fight a sure paternalism that generally exists. And to say that we even have one thing to supply Europe, it isn’t solely Europe that has capital, that has the know-how to supply our continent. We even have one thing crucial to present in return. So the good thing about cooperation between our two continents is reciprocal,” he defined.

“What the European Union can do, and in some methods is doing, is to debate with us as equals, the curiosity in North-South cooperation. So, to vary a few of the guidelines of the sport.” 

“It’s clear that right this moment our continent is decolonised in de facto phrases, besides, even a long time after colonisation, worldwide relations are nonetheless not honest[…] It is not for nothing that we wish, Africa needs a seat on the G20, it needs a seat, a number of, as a everlasting member of the UN Safety Council, exactly to right these relations which thus far we nonetheless take into account to be unfair ultimately.”

US and Angola: ‘Strategic’ companions?

The US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, has stated that Angola is a strategic accomplice. In December final yr, Blinken and the Secretary of Protection Lloyd Austin met President Lourenço on the White Home to reaffirm the significance of ties between the nations. 

Euronews requested the president in regards to the nature of the partnership between the 2 nations.

“In basic areas of the life of nations, specifically within the area of safety, I imply worldwide safety – Angola has one thing to say. And within the financial area, within the manufacturing of foodstuffs to feed the world. We now have sufficient land and sufficient water. We lack the capital and the know-how to be a rustic that may provide meals to… not Angola, however the world.”

One in all Angola’s foremost goals is the event of renewable power. Final yr, the US introduced plans to take a position €1.8 billion in a photovoltaic system within the African nation.

“We aren’t very removed from reaching the objective we set ourselves. At current, 64% of the power produced in Angola is not from polluting sources, 64% is hydroelectric power, basically hydroelectric power, however it is usually beginning to be photovoltaic power. Final yr we inaugurated two massive photovoltaic crops in Benguela province.

“We now have a undertaking deliberate for the east of the nation and we now have this main undertaking with an American firm that may produce and provide power to 4 provinces in southern Angola. Our objective is, by 2026, to make the leap from 64 to round 70% of power from clear sources.”

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