Deposit Cash Banks borrowed the sum of N21.87tn from the Central Financial institution of Nigeria by way of the Standing Lending Facility window and Repurchase Lending platform in 2020, in response to the CBN monetary information.
This represents a 260 per cent improve when in comparison with the N5.744tn recorded by way of the identical home windows in 2022. It, nevertheless, represents a 19.3 per cent lower when in comparison with the N27.08tn the banks borrowed from the apex financial institution in 2021.
The apex financial institution has two short-term lending home windows for banks and service provider banks namely-Standing Lending Facility (SLF) and Repurchase (Repo) lending.
Whereas the CBN lends cash to banks and service provider banks by means of the SLF at rate of interest of 100 foundation factors above the Financial Coverage Fee (MPR), it additionally lends cash to banks by means of Repo association, which includes the acquisition of banks’ securities with the settlement to promote again at a selected date and often for a better worth.
The monetary information by the CBN revealed that borrowing by banks and service provider banks by means of the SLF in 2022 dropped by 14.25 per cent to N11.15tn as in opposition to N13.01tn in 2021.
The month-on-month breakdown of SLF revealed that the DMBs and service provider banks in January 2022 borrowed N313.48bn from the CBN. It, nevertheless, dropped to N186.48bn in February.
The monetary information by apex financial institution confirmed that SLF information in March stood at N377.13bn and elevated additional by 62.4 per cent M-o-M to N612.43bn in April 2022.
For Might, the CBN reported N897.05bn, after which the borrowing elevated considerably to N1.93tn in June.
Nonetheless, the monetary information by apex financial institution confirmed N1.46tn and N1.19tn for July and August 2022, respectively.
As well as, the DMBs and service provider banks had borrowed N836.5bn in September; N464.07bn in October; N1.56tn in November and N1.33tn in December 2022.
Consequently, borrowing by the DMBs and service provider banks by means of the CBN’s Repo declined by 24 per cent to N10.7tn in 2022 from N14.07tn disclosed by monetary information in 2021.
For Repo, the info by the CBN revealed N968.8bn in January but it surely dropped to N480.35bn in February. With 9 Repo actions in March, a sum of N343.48bn was reported. It nevertheless elevated to N474.83bn in April.
For different months, the CBN information confirmed that N870.32bn was borrowed in Might; N1.65tn in June; N3.07tn in July; N1.62tn in August; N1.197tn in September and N46.32bn in October.
The monetary information revealed no Repo transactions for November and December, 2022.
Analysts have attributed the decline to tight liquidity situations within the banking system, because the apex financial institution stimulates its financial ratios to deal with growing inflation.
Apart the SLF and Repo, the CBN accepts deposits from banks by means of its Standing Deposit Facility and pays an rate of interest of 700 foundation factors beneath the MPR that presently stands at 16.5 per cent.
Findings revealed that banks and service provider banks deposited N3.24tn with CBN in 2022, a rise of 6.65 per cent from N3.03tn deposited in 2021.