This text was contributed to TechCabal by Conrad Onyango through bird story agency.
In early 2022, UK-headquartered Commonplace Chartered Financial institution introduced it was exiting 5 African nations and partially exiting two others – breaking its ‘right here for good’ model promise after greater than a century on the continent.
A 12 months earlier, one other British-based financial institution however a reasonably new entrant, Atlas Mara withdrew from seven markets, strolling away from its daring assertion, “Africa: too huge to disregard”, after solely seven years.
Barclays bought its majority stake in Barclays Africa Group in 2017 and in August 2022 bought its remaining stake within the rebranded ABSA, exiting a area it had first entered 90 years earlier than. Credit score Suisse and France’s BNP Paribas additionally pulled out in 2022.
The explanations for exit, they mentioned, was typically a must refocus on core markets to realize development and scale because of the difficult African retail banking setting.
Lots of the greater than 1,000 monetary business gamers gathered in Lome, Togo in mid-November to debate how the business can unlock a US$1.5 trillion potential market by increasing banking, insurance coverage and capital markets penetration, had a really completely different view. Lots of the periods had been made public through the web.
“There are nonetheless quite a few alternatives on the market together with these introduced by the exit of worldwide financiers and we’re poised to benefit from that,” mentioned United Financial institution for Africa (UBA), Chief Govt Officer, Marufatu Abiola.
“Africa can solely be developed by Africans. We have to improve our dimension, improve our capacities, We have to imagine extra and make investments extra in Africa,”
Lagos-headquartered UBA, with a presence in 20 nations, mentioned it’s eager on increasing to all African nations both via natural development or acquisitions.
“Each may be thought of. The exit of worldwide gamers presents a singular alternative. If there is a chance to accumulate, to merge or develop organically, I don’t assume any of these is off the desk,” mentioned Abiola.
Worldwide Finance Company (IFC) Vice President Africa, Sergio Pimenta shared comparable sentiments, portray an even bigger image of the rising demand for development capital on the continent.
“The alternatives are very vital and the demand may be very robust. We’re additionally seeing shifts in these calls for and considered one of them is regionalisation of the market, as corporations, banks and different monetary establishments in Africa have a look at the regional markets. And that’s a really in-depth motion and pattern that creates lots of demand,” Pimenta mentioned.
He additionally singled out fast urbanisation, local weather change and digitalisation as drivers of key alternatives that monetary corporations ought to faucet into for development.
In 2022, the IFC had a report 12 months, with US$43 billion of capital deployed the world over. US$11.5 billion of that was deployed to Africa, the most important quantity it has ever deployed on the continent.
But regardless of the constructive prospects clearly recognized by a variety of bankers, Africa continues to be profiled as a dangerous playground.
African Assure Fund Group Chief Govt Officer, Jules Ngankam mentioned one of many main challenges going through Africa is a large hole between the actual and perceived threat on the sovereign degree and a fair worse hole on the small and medium enterprise (SME) degree.
“Of all of the monetary crises we have now had around the globe, none of those got here from Africa, however individuals nonetheless imagine that it’s the riskiest continent,” posed Ngankam.
In a threat evaluation of Africa’s insurance coverage business, Namibia Nationwide Reinsurance Company, Managing Director, Patty Karuaihe-Martin mentioned whereas the typical loss ratio in Africa was 70%, Europe’s ranged over 90% and would additionally cross the 100% mark.
“Solely about 3% of the world’s largest losses happen in Africa. All this information exhibits Africa’s portfolio will not be dangerous. I need to admit we have now some challenges, we is not going to say it’s straightforward to do enterprise in Africa as a consequence of information inadequacy and low insurance coverage penetration,” she mentioned.
The three large worldwide ranking businesses constantly downgraded the credit score threat profiles of main African economies within the first six months of 2023.
Moody’s, Commonplace and Fitch have collectively actioned 13 detrimental rankings, out of which seven had been downgrades and the remaining had been detrimental modifications within the outlook of 11 African nations.
Among the many nations which have suffered credit standing downgrades are Nigeria, Kenya, Egypt, Tunisia and Ghana, hurting their prospects of tapping into the worldwide markets for reasonable credit score.
“We have to supply buyers an instrument that allows them to soak up that perceived threat,” mentioned Ngankam.
In its newest Africa Sovereign Credit score Score Overview 2023, the African Union mulls inspecting the feasibility of building an African Credit score Score Company (ACRA) as an impartial entity of the Union to offer various credit score rankings to the ‘huge three’.
“It’s envisaged that the ACRA would supply balanced and complete opinions on African credit score devices to help reasonably priced entry to capital and the event of home monetary markets,” mentioned AU within the assessment.
To strengthen Africa’s monetary business, Abiola steered harmonising and strengthening regulatory and governance constructions and interconnecting regional central banks to take away synthetic boundaries.