Dar es Salaam – This week, technical specialists from the Ministry of Finance and Planning, Income Authorities, Ministries of Well being in Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar and WHO Nation Workplace are assembly to deep dive into tobacco taxation – the best and most cost-effective measure to cut back tobacco consumption.
By technical help from the WHO Framework Conference on Tobacco Management (FCTC) Information Hub, the specialists will probably be oriented on technical ideas associated to tobacco taxation and uncovered to hands-on sensible periods on the Tobacco Excise Tax Simulation Mannequin (TETSiM) – a tax simulation mannequin designed by the Analysis Unit on the Economics of Excisable Merchandise (REEP) based mostly on the College of Cape City in South Africa.
The TETSiM mannequin is a straightforward, excel based mostly mannequin, which is used to foretell the possible fiscal and public well being impacts of a change within the excise tax construction and/or the extent of the excise tax on cigarettes. The mannequin may be custom-made to any nation context and may simulate any tobacco tax reform. The mannequin illustrates the impression of a tax change on the typical retail value of cigarettes, cigarette consumption, and authorities excise tax income.
Tobacco use kills eight million individuals yearly and is the main reason behind preventable deaths globally. Proof exhibits that considerably rising tobacco excise taxes and costs is the one only and cost-effective measure for decreasing tobacco use. It is usually a measure particularly referred to as for in Article 6 of the WHO Framework Conference on Tobacco Management.
Elevating taxes on tobacco merchandise which results in will increase of their value makes tobacco much less reasonably priced. When tobacco turns into much less reasonably priced individuals use it much less and youth initiation is prevented. As a result of youth and low-income teams are extra conscious of will increase in tobacco costs, they disproportionately benefit from the well being and financial advantages of quitting and never beginning. Saving lives with tobacco taxes lessens the large healthcare burden and financial losses that end result from tobacco-related illness. Tobacco taxation can be comparatively cheap to implement and generates vital revenues over the brief and medium time period.
The WHO FCTC Information Hub offers technical help on the usage of the TETSiM mannequin for international locations prepared to undertake tobacco excise tax reform. By this coaching and by creating country-specific TETSiM fashions, the Authorities of Tanzania can develop forecasts for the potential impression of a tax change, on modifications in tobacco consumption, value, and authorities income generated.