Breeding Extra Donkeys In Nigeria, by Salisu Na’inna Dambatta

Breeding Extra Donkeys In Nigeria, by Salisu Na’inna Dambatta


The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Growth (FMARD) has factored the breeding of extra donkeys within the Nationwide Agricultrural Expertise and Innovation Coverage (NATIP). The aim is to forestall their extinction. NATIP is to information the revitalisation of all features of agriculture within the nation between 2022 and 2027.

However what’s donkey? It’s “a domesticated hoofed mammal of the horse household with lengthy ears and a braying name, used as a beast of burden; an ass.”

A United Kingdom charity for donkeys mentioned at its web site, that, “Donkeys have been first domesticated round 6,000 years in the past in North Africa and Egypt for meat and milk.”. It continued, “Round 2,000 years in the past donkeys have been among the many draught animals used to hold silk from the Pacific Ocean to the Mediterranean alongside the Silk Highway…”

The Donkey Sanctuary says, “For hundreds of years donkeys have been the ‘serving to hooves’ of humankind – they’re the unique beasts of burden. In lots of nations of the world donkeys are used as the popular mode of transport. Donkeys are far more of an all-terrain animal than horses.”

In Nigeria as in a lot of Africa and a clutch of European, Asian and Latin American nations, donkeys stay related and helpful to mankind as beasts of burden, sources of meat, milk and skins.

Peasant in rural Northern Nigeria use donkeys for carrying and drawing water, transporting mud to construct homes, ferrying manure to farms, delivering firewood to houses, evacuating bundles and sacks of harvested crops to storage and taking wares to markets. Motorised transportation gear haven’t ended the function of donkeys in transportation.

It’s acceptable that the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Growth has recognised the worth of donkeys within the NATIP doc and is within the “promotion of donkey manufacturing via advocacy, analysis and enter help to avert its extinction.”

The Ministry mentioned in 2020 that Nigeria has about 974,499 donkeys. However 2019 figures revealed by the Meals and Agriculture Organisation signifies that Nigeria had 1.3 million donkeys. The FAOSTAT says, “Donkeys are most quite a few in Ethiopia (8.7 million), Sudan (7.6 million), Pakistan (5.4 million), Chad (3.6 million), Mexico (3.2 million), China (2.6 million), Niger (1.9 million), Afghanistan (1.5 million), Iran (1.5 million) and Nigeria (1.3 million).

Mass breeding of donkeys was advocated by then governor of Zamfara State, Ahmed Yarima Sani who opposed the extreme buy of donkeys from the state for slaughter elsewhere within the nation. He banned the gross sales of donkeys, inspired their utilization for transporation and known as for his or her home mass breeding.

One Isa Maishanu was quoted by a Nigerian newspaper saying that his mom purchased a donkey for him to make a dwelling. He reportedly feared that donkeys might go into extinction except their mass slaughter is decreased.

The Kaduna state Authorities banned the slaughter of donkeys in a village the place its meat and skins have been processed and transported to a different state the place the meat is consumed and the pores and skin exported to China. The federal government warned that the transportation of donkeys into Kaduna State is a felony offence and violators could be prosecuted.

Garba Datti Mohammed, member of the Home of Representatives and Senator Yahaya Abdullahi offered a Invoice to the Nationwide Meeting in 2021 which declared donkeys as endangered species, sought regulation for his or her slaughter and the introduction of export certification for his or her skins.

Mr. Ifeanyi Dike, chief of the Donkey Sellers Affiliation (DDA) agreed throughout a public listening to on the Invoice that regulating donkey commerce might generate jobs and enrich breeders, merchants, homeowners of slaughter homes, logistics suppliers and exporters of donkey derivatives.

He mentioned DDA has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Nationwide Animal Manufacturing Analysis Institute (NAPRI) for the breeding of 5 million donkeys inside 10 years to avert their extinction. Thus far no donkey has been bred at NAPRI, Zaria.

It has been established that donkeys are utilized in transportation in elements of Nigeria. Donkeys are additionally stored as business livestock; and for his or her milk, meat and skins. Their mass slaughter with out breeding to replenish the inventory will probably be disastrous. Due to this fact, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Growth was proper in making breeding extra donkeys a coverage situation.

Salisu Na’inna Dambatta is a retired Federal Director of Info

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